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Who is Maulana-Jalaleddin-Balkhi ( Rumi)
Maulana Rumi’s name was Muhammad and his title was Jalaleddin but generally he became known as Maulana Rumi. He was born in the town of Balkh in 604 A.H. and belonged to the family of Hazrat Abu Bakr. His father’s name was Bahauddin bin Hussain Balkhy. Muhammad Khwarizm Shah Balkhy was his maternal grandfather. In 610 A.H. Maulana’s father, Bahauddin, left Balkh and settled in Nayshapur. On arrival at Nayshapur, his father took him to the famous saint, Khwaja Fariduddin Attar Maulana Rumi was then 13 years old. Khwaja Fariduddin gave them a copy of his Asrar Nameh as a present and said to his father,
“Do not be negligent of this able one. He will one day make his voice heard. ”
Maulana Rumi acquired his initial instructions from his father. The father chose his most foremost student and Mureed to be a teacher and mentor to the young boy and in this manner Maulana Rumi studied most of the branches of knowledge under this student, Maulana Burhanuddin. At the age of 18 years, Maulana Rumi got married and in that same year he went with his father to settle in Qunya.
When Maulana Rumi was 25 years old, his father passed away. Maulana then went to Syria for the sole purpose of completing his studies. For some time, Maulana stayed at the Madrassa Jaladiya in Halb where he also sought the spiritual guidance and blessings of Kamaluddin bin Adeem. Thereafter for 7 years he went to study in Damascus. At Damascus, Maulana Rumi studied all the Mazaahib, Ilmul Kalaam, Fiqah and acquired a good knowledge of all the differences of opinions in deeni matters. He was also highly qualified in philosophy and tasawwuf. After the death of his father, Sayed Burhanuddin was also his mentor on the path of tariqat for 9 years. Thereafter he spent the rest of his life in teaching and lecturing.
Rumi’s works have transcended national and ethnic borders for centuries. His poetry, although written in Persian, has been translated into many of the world’s
languages and has significantly influenced history’s greatest artists, writers and thinkers. He has been described as the “most popular poet in America.” His diverse followers are attracted by his tributes to the power of love (a spiritual love, not earthly love) and his
belief in the spiritual use of music and dancing. Rumi believed passionately in the use of music, poetry and dancing as a path to enlightenment. For him, music helped to reach an enlightened state, an intense journey in which the soul was both destroyed and resurrected.
Today, his poems can be heard everywhere from religious ceremonies to mainstream pop music (recordings of Rumi’s poems have made it to the Billboard Top 20 list). For one night only at the Hollywood Bowl, A Celebration of Rumi: The Sights and Sounds of Mystic Persia unites
diverse communities, and as Rumi’s work has done for centuries, celebrates messages of global peace and harmony.